- What is Turner syndrome and what causes it?
- What are the symptoms of Turner syndrome?
- How it is diagnosed?
- What is the prognosis?
- What is the risk for other family members or future babies?
- What treatments/therapies/medications are recommended or available?
- How will my child and our family be impacted?
- When should a child with Turner syndrome begin therapy with growth hormone?
- When should an adolescent with Turner syndrome undergo induction of puberty?
- What educational level can I expect my daughter with TS to reach?
- Can women with Turner syndrome become pregnant?
- temporal narrowing
- epicanthal folds
- prominent, low-set ears
- high, narrow palate
- small mandible
- low posterior hairline with neck webbing or nuchal redundancy
- shield chest, wide-spaced nipples
- pectus excavatum
- cubitus valgus, with decreased extension of the elbow
- short fourth metacarpal bones and other hand/wrist deformities
- hyperconvex, narrow fingernails, thin, mildly dysplastic toenails
- multiple birthmarks
Turner Syndrome Society of the United States
the Turner Syndrome Society of the United States is an organization devoted to creating awareness, providing support and promoting research for all persons touched by Turner Syndrome.
Turner Syndrome Foundation
Supports research and facilitates education programs to enhance care of those affected by Turner syndrome..
Turner Syndrome – The Magic Foundation
The Magic Foundation hosts a website “created to provide support services for the families of children afflicted with a wide variety of chronic and/or critical disorders, syndromes and diseases that affect a child’s growth.” The section on TS includes discussion of fertility problems, a system for networking with other families, and information on growth problems in general.
Turner Syndrome for Teens (KidsHealth)
A short web article on TS aimed at adolescents’ information needs.
What is Turner Syndrome? (GSLC)
Overview of the genetics of Turner syndrome; Genetic Science Learning Center at the University of Utah.
Turner Syndrome (Genetics Home Reference)
Excellent, detailed review of condition for patients and families; U.S. National Library of Medicine.
Turner Syndrome (Medline Plus)
Brief description and links to many reliable sources of information, compiled and maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
Genetics in Primary Care Institute (AAP)
The goal of this site is to increase collaboration in the care of children with known or suspected genetic disorders. It includes health supervision guidelines and other useful resources; represents a collaboration among the Health Resources & Services Administration, the Maternal and Child Health Bureau, and the American Academy of Pediatrics.
Turner Syndrome Brochure ( 125 KB)
2-page brochure providing an overview of Turner Syndrome for parents, written by Amid Habib, MD, a pediatric endocrinologist, from The Magic Foundation website.
Turner Syndrome: A Guide for Families (Turner Syndrome Society) ( 1.4 MB)
A 32-page booklet with information for parents about growth and development, health considerations, and social and emotional support.
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|Compiled and edited by:||Lynne M Kerr, MD, PhD - 11/2012|
|Content Last Updated:||10/2015|
Care of girls and women with Turner syndrome: A guideline of the Turner Syndrome Study Group.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007;92(1):10-25. PubMed abstract / Full Text
This clinical practice guideline uses evidence-based data when available; expert opinion was used when evidence was lacking. It is a comprehensive review of the diagnosis of Turner Syndrome as well as the management of associated complications.