Complications that occur with VNS use include failure of the device to work and infections, both in about 3%, and stimulus-associated hoarseness and swallowing problems. [Smyth: 2003] Sleep-related breathing problems have also been described. [Hsieh: 2008]
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|Compiled and edited by:||Lynne M Kerr, MD, PhD - 6/2010|
Hsieh T, Chen M, McAfee A, Kifle Y.
Sleep-related breathing disorder in children with vagal nerve stimulators.
Pediatr Neurol. 2008;38(2):99-103. PubMed abstract
Smyth MD, Tubbs RS, Bebin EM, Grabb PA, Blount JP.
Complications of chronic vagus nerve stimulation for epilepsy in children.
J Neurosurg. 2003;99(3):500-3. PubMed abstract
Zamponi N, Rychlicki F, Corpaci L, Cesaroni E, Trignani R.
Vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) is effective in treating catastrophic 1 epilepsy in very young children.
Neurosurg Rev. 2008;31(3):291-7. PubMed abstract