Other findings characteristic of TS include:
- temporal narrowing
- Epicanthal Folds
- prominent, low-set ears
- high, narrow palate
- small mandible
- low posterior hairline with neck webbing or nuchal redundancy
- Shield chest, wide-spaced nipples (scroll down to find slide) and, in some, a possible pectus excavatum
- cubitus valgus, with decreased extension of the elbow
- short fourth metacarpal bones
- Madelung Deformity (Medscape)
- hyperconvex, narrow fingernails; thin, mildly dysplastic toenails
- multiple nevi
The risk of the same parents having a second child with TS is no greater than that of the general population (1/2500 girls).
Pediatr Rev. 2008;29(7):219-27. PubMed abstract
This review focuses on the diagnosis of Turner Syndrome as well as associated complications.
Care of girls and women with Turner syndrome: A guideline of the Turner Syndrome Study Group.
J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2007;92(1):10-25. PubMed abstract / Full Text
This clinical practice guideline uses evidence-based data when available; expert opinion was used when evidence was lacking. It is a comprehensive review of the diagnosis of Turner Syndrome as well as the management of associated complications.
|Content Last Updated:||10/2011|
The authors listed above are responsible for the overall Turner Syndrome Module. Authors contributing to individual pages in the module are listed on those pages.
Ostberg JE, Conway GS.
Adulthood in women with Turner syndrome.
Horm Res. 2003;59(5):211-21. PubMed abstract