The following are general guidelines to provide to parents. Additional information can be found through the links under Resources below.
- Never leave your child alone in a highchair or let him/her climb on high furniture
- Block openings on railings that have openings wider than 4 inches with safety netting
- Use a safety belt in shopping carts
- Keep your child in rear facing car seat as long as possible; move to a front-facing car seat no earlier than 12 months of age and weighing 20 pounds
- Install car seats properly
- When driving, lock the doors and windows
- Children should wear a helmet while riding tricycles, playing on playgrounds etc.
- Use window guards and safety netting on window, decks, and landings
- Move furniture that children could climb on away from windows
- Install window locks so windows don’t open far enough for a child to climb or fall out
- loss of consciousness
- drainage, clear or bloody, from his nose, mouth, or ears
- will not stop crying
- will not nurse or eat
- starts breathing irregularly
- has seizures or fixed stares
- has pupils that are different sizes
- vomits repeatedly
- has sharply increased confusion, agitation, restlessness
- has severe headaches that get worse
- has weakness or numbness in arms or legs
- slurs their speech
Traumatic Brain Injury (CDC)
Educational initiatives and campaigns for clinicians, parents, educators, coaches, and individuals including children with TBI. Free, downloadable materials and fact sheets; Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Preventing Head Injuries in Children (MedlinePlus)
General guidelines from the National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health.
Preventing Traumatic Brain Injuries (CDC)
From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, comprehensive page on TBI and prevention
Harris VA, Rochette LM, Smith GA.
Pediatric Injuries Attributable to Falls From Windows in the United States in 1990-2008.
Pediatrics. 2011;128(3):455 -462. PubMed abstract / Full Text
During a 19-year period, an estimated 98,145 children were treated in U.S. emergency departments for injuries sustained in falls from windows.
|Author:||Sue Olsen, MEd - 8/2011|
|Content Last Updated:||6/2013|